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programme SharCo

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Fruit Growing Institute - Bulgaria

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Involved in fruit virus diseases investigations in the country, especially on Plum pox virus detection and strain characterization

The Fruit Growing Institute (FGI), Plovdiv is basic unit of the National Center for Agrarian Science (NCAS), founded by the Regulations of NCAS to the Ministry of Agriculture and Forestry. The institute is involved in fruit virus diseases investigations in the country, especially on Plum pox virus detection and strain characterization, as well as PPV resistance of genetic resources and plum breeding programme.

Key persons involved

  • Dr. Valentina BOZHKOVA
    Field of expertise - evaluation of stone genetic resources, breeding

  • Snezhana MILUSHEVA
    Senior scientist - virologist specialized on virus strain characterization, identification of viruses on fruit trees


  • Kamenova, I. and Milusheva, S. 2005. Sharka disease in Bulgaria: past, presence and future. Biotechnology and Biotechnological Eq., 19, 22-40.

  • Milusheva, S., Kamenova, I., Stoev, A. 2006. Plum pox virus (PPV) in Bulgaria. Bulletin OEPP/EPPO Bulletin, 36, № 2, 206.

  • Bozhkova,V., A.Zhivondov, S.Milusheva.2006.Some results from the studies of introduced plum cultivars. Eufrin plum and prune Working Group Meeting.Hradec Kralove-Holovousy, July 31st-August 2nd, 29-33.

  • Bozhkova, V., V.Dzhuvinov.2005.Present situatution of Prunus collections in Bulgaria. Prunus Genetic Resources Newsletter, 10-11.

  • Dragoiski, K., I.minev, V.Dzhuvinov, V.Bozhkova, 2007.The Strategy for Controlling Sharka in Bulgaria.Acta Hort.734;259-263.

  • Dzhuvinov, V., V. Bozhkova, S.Milusheva and P.S.Gercheva, 2007.Investigation of Sharka in Bulgaria for the past Seventy years. Acta Hort.734 ;109-115.

Material resources

FGI has facilities for plum, peach, cherry and apricot breeding programmes, experimental orchards such as Virology Lab (PCR machine, ELISA equipment), and greenhouse for biological studies of PPV isolates, including inoculation of herbaceous and woody indicator plants.