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The 3' -proximal part of the Plum pox virus P1 gene determinates the symptom expression in two herbaceous host plants


A. Nagyova´ , M. Kamencayova, M. Glasa, Z. W. Subr
Institute of Virology, Slovak Academy of Sciences, Du´bravska´ 9, 845 05 Bratislava, Slovakia


Three major strains of the Plum pox virus (PPV) are the most important in Europe: PPV-D, PPV-M, and PPV-Rec. By combining the genomes of two different strains of PPV (PPV-D with PPV-Rec; PPV-D with PPV-M), 20 inter-strain chimeric infectious clones (CICPPV) were constructed. Biological properties of CICPPV were tested by inoculating them on different herbaceous host species susceptible to PPV. Four of the seven species tested, exhibited visible symptoms. In Nicotiana benthamiana all CICPPV induced systemic mosaic and leaf malformation. Pisum sativum showed a broad range of symptom severity (systemic chlorotic and necrotic lesions) but neither qualitative nor quantitative aspects of symptomatology were related to a single PPV genome locus. Nicotiana occidentalis and Nicandra physaloides proved to be suitable for symptom-based differentiation. Depending on the virus strain/chimera, N. occidentalis showed two types of symptoms: mild systemic chlorotic spots or local necrotic lesions/systemic vein necroses. N. physaloides reacted to the PPV infection either symptomless or by local necrotic lesions. Our results demonstrated that the P1/HC-pro region of the PPV genome appears to be the determinant of the symptom manifestation in these host plants. In silico analysis mapped it to the 30-proximal part of the P1 gene.

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